Transportation is one of the largest segments of the economy of any city. Households each dedicate a significant portion of their income to road transportation. Changes in a city's transportation infrastructure have a substantial impact on the way a city grows, its economic development, what types of businesses thrive or die, and how people interact with one another. In India, the public transportation sector is the primary means of transport for most of the population, and is one of the most heavily used across the world. Around the world, new transportation systems and models are entering the market to challenge conventional transportation means: shared cars and bikes, electric and hybrid vehicles, foldable vehicles, bus rapid transit systems, cable car systems, and even self-driving cars.
The challenge is to develop innovative ideas around potential transportation enhancements to the city of Mumbai that can eliminate traffic congestion and provide convenient, affordable, and pleasurable alternatives for its citizens. Solutions could include "mobility on demand" or shared-use vehicles/bikes connected to mass transit to increase land utilization (less parking areas) and increase the overall well being of the city by providing for more walkable areas.
Alternative energy (wind, solar, hydro, biomass) provides an alternative to the harmful effects of fossil fuels, and has seen a tremendous growth in the last decade across the world. Even in the transportation sector, alternative energy in the context of electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles is on the rise. Cities around the world, such as Munich, Tokyo, Bristol, San Francisco, Vancouver, Stockholm, and Copenhagen, are introducing alternative energy based systems and policies to counteract the predominant reliance on pollution-generating systems.
The challenge is to develop solutions that use alternative energy to provide clean, renewable and affordable energy to cities and the people living, working and playing in these areas.
Architecture and Urban Design
Architecture and urban design focus on the process of designing and shaping cities, towns and villages, as well as the buildings, streets, public spaces, and neighborhoods within them. New innovations are making urban areas more functional, attractive, and sustainable for both residents and visitors. The concept of "Compact Urban Cells" focuses on creating a dense neighborhood area of approximately one square kilometer in diameter (or a 20-minute walking area) that contains most of the needs of citizens for everyday life.
The challenge is to develop a model for high-performance urban living based on the concept of "Compact Urban Cells." This compact, walkable neighborhood should include places of living, work, culture, shopping, entertainment, and play, and support a rich diversity of interactions and activities.
Infrastructure (Water, Sanitation, Electricity, Food)
As the world's population continues to rise, food, water, sanitation, and electricity - basic infrastructural needs - become exceedingly important and need to be available in a reliable manner for the welfare of the citizens. India is one of the world's largest producers of fruits and vegetables, but a third of its produce rots because of poor storage, transport and distribution.
The challenge is to design urban infrastructure systems involving water, sanitation, electricity, and/or food that will help support the growing needs of cities such as Mumbai. These could include smarter agriculture systems integrated onto rooftops and facades of buildings to efficiently deliver high-quality produce and help solve food security problems.
Growing cities such as Mumbai produce a large amount waste. Waste-in all its various forms-is a resource that constantly redefines innovation opportunities. As a result, Dharavi has become a hub for recycling waste in Mumbai, with the industry employing around a quarter of a million people and with a turnover $US 1 Billion annually, recycling over 80% of the waste inputs. Many countries including India are now focusing on building efficient waste management systems and processes to manage the increasing amount of waste generated.
The Challenge is to develop sustainable techniques of waste management including recycling, to allow cities to better manage the growing amount of waste produced every day.